How to Diagnose ANY Cardiac Rhythm Systematically

ecg heart flatline

Narrow complex tachycardia…hmm, but isn’t that supraventricular tachycardia?

Broad complex tachycardia…VT…no wait, it’s VF…hang on, asystole (oh, oh!)

It’s atrial fibrillation…wait, what about atrial flutter?

Regular, no wait…is that irregular?

Let’s not forget all those different heart blocks…

What happened to a good ol’ run of straight forward sinus rhythm?

With so many cardiac rhythms to remember, wouldn’t it be nice to be able to get to the correct diagnosis each and every time? The beauty about cardiac rhythms are that they are all fairly predictable. If you ask the right questions in a systematic manner, it will get you to diagnosing the right cardiac rhythm pretty much every time! Don’t believe me? Why not give it a shot by using this flowchart I have designed to do just that:

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Understanding How Anticoagulants Work

warfarin anticoagulation stop the clot

As discussed in the article “The Clotting Cascade Made Easy”, a blood clot is formed when activated platelets are trapped in stabilised cross linked fibrin. The process of fibrin formation is controlled by procoagulation factors (factors that promote blood clotting) and anticoagulation factors (factors that inhibit blood clotting). If the ability of the body to maintain this equilibrium is disrupted, we could either bleed to death or become one big blood clot! Continue reading